Agreement To Khmer

However, this option was not acceptable to the Cambodian government. Instead, Prime Minister Hun Sen again wrote to the Secretary-General and asked the UN to provide experts to help Cambodia draft laws that would provide for a special Cambodian jurisdiction to bring Khmer Rouge leaders to justice, and that would provide for foreign judges and prosecutors to participate in its proceedings. Following that request, the Secretary-General initiated negotiations with the Government of Cambodia with a view to reaching agreement on how such a tribunal should be organized and how the United Nations should provide or arrange its assistance to establish it and help it function. It is up to me to represent the United Nations in these negotiations. Cambodia was represented by Deputy Prime Minister Sok An. In its resolution 56/169 of 19 December 2001, the General Assembly, on the recommendation of its Third Committee, inter alia, welcomed the promulgation of Cambodian law; Urges the Government and the United Nations to conclude without delay an agreement to enable the Extraordinary Chambers to accept their treaties immediately; and appealed to the international community to provide assistance in this regard, including financial and personal support to the Chambers. Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General, the General Assembly approved the draft agreement in its resolution of 13 May 2003 (A/57/228B). The agreement was signed in Phnom Penh on 6 June 2003. In accordance with Article 32, the Agreement entered into force on the 29th Both parties were informed in writing that the legal conditions for entry into force were fulfilled. These negotiations have become extremely complex for the simple reason that Cambodia has reiterated that the operation should be subject to its national law instead of an agreement between the United Nations and Cambodia on the basis of international law. The first meeting took place in August 1999 in Phnom Penh, where the UN delegation was led by my deputy, Mr Ralph Zacklin. At the same time, the Cambodian Government has prepared national legislation which it considers should be adopted before reaching an agreement between the parties.

The August meeting was followed by several letters between me and Deputy Prime Minister Sok An, as well as between the Secretary-General and Prime Minister Hun Sen. The Secretary-General also discussed the issue when he met with Prime Minister Hun Sen at international conferences, including a conference in Cuba in April 2000, which was also attended by United States Senator John Kerry, who discussed the issue. These contacts led to another meeting in Phnom Penh in July 2000, at which Deputy Prime Minister Sok An and a UN delegation I led discussed a draft agreement. .

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